I work on Ruby on Rails plugins fairly often, and I'm always curious how people make their plugins configurable.
For example, ActiveMessaging uses several config files - some are yaml, some are ruby - all of them get loaded when the plugin gets initialized. ActiveMessaging has more than a bit of configuration, so distinct files for it makes sense. Also, it has less singular values that get set, and more sets of configuration values (e.g. all the values for a message broker connection).
Comatose uses a singleton with attributes that get defined in a block - so like the Rails initializer, you can call this define method in an environment.rb. Again, this makes sense, there are only a few values to fiddle with, and you very often don't have to mess with them at all.
Not sure if I'll use it, but I've been playing with an idea where you can use constants to override config values using constants. Makes sense for a plugin where you have default values that would rarely, and often individually, be overridden. Nice thing about this is that constants can be defined even before the config class, so if you need them to be set before the plugin is loaded, this provides a way.
Anyway, to make it easier, I wrote a little helper method to define class attributes, set the default value, and check for constants to override the default, all at one time.
const_name = var_sym.to_s.upcase
value = (Object.constants.include?(const_name)) ? Object.const_get(const_name): default
# SOME_CONFIG_VALUE set as a constant will override the default
set_config_value :some_config_value, "this is a default"